Tax Tip

1099, W2, W4, W9 – what’s the difference?

income-tax-4097292_1920

Fill out this 1099 form. Did you get your W2 from your employer? Fill out this W4 form.

Keeping all the tax forms straight is a challenge. In today’s post, we go through the difference between the most commonly filled out tax forms. That way, you know what you’re signing and why.

Form W4

This is the form that you fill out at the beginning of most conventional employment. The purpose of this paper is to let your employer know how much tax money they should withhold from your paycheck. You can also use this form to adjust your withholdings throughout the year.

Form W2

This is the magical form most of us are waiting on to get started with our taxes. It shows your yearly income and how much was withheld – critical information for both you and your accountant.

Form 1099  

This is a form you receive in any non-conventional payment situation. Basically, if you make money as an independent contractor or self-employed taxpayer, you will receive a version of this form.

If you are working as a contractor, business, or have received money from the government, bank, etc, you will likely get one of these. There are a lot of versions of this form, including:

  • MISC, Miscellaneous Income

  • G, Certain Government Payments

  • K, Payment Card and Third Party Network Transactions

  • R, Distributions From Pensions, Annuities, Retirement or Profit-Sharing Plans, IRAs, Insurance Contracts, etc.

  • DIV, Dividends and Distributions

  • INT, Interest Income

Form 1098

There are a few versions of this form from income or payments to institutions like universities and banks. The most common forms of these are:

  • 1098-E, Student Loan Interest Statement

  • 1098-T,  Tuition Statement

  • Mortgage Interest Statement

Schedule K-1

This form reports any income, deductions, or other tax items you might receive as part of a business partnership. You will usually have to wait until later in the tax season to receive this form.

Have a form that’s not covered here? Reach out to us.

How Moonlighters Can Get Enough Tax Money Withheld

refunds

If you were left surprised (and maybe a little hurt) from your latest tax return and you work as both a W2 employee and have 1099 side gigs, this article is for you.

The Current State of the Side Hustle

The side hustle is a common part of our society today. The latest figures say that nearly 40 percent of Americans have a side job that brings in $8,200 or more each year.

People who work a side job are more likely to be millennials, apparently working more than one job is something that is less common as you age.

And while the extra money is nice, these side hustles make it that much more complicated to do your yearly taxes. If you make more than $600 at any job, that money is taxable.

That’s why its good to get a head start by adjusting your W2 withholdings to help cover the income from your side hustles. Otherwise, you’ll undoubtedly owe

How Do You Do This?

The recent tax law changes impacted many taxpayers, so the IRS created a withholding calculator.

It’s an easy-to-use tool, you just need to come prepared with the proper paperwork.

That includes:

  • Any and all recent pay stubs and invoices(make sure it includes the amount of federal taxes withheld for this year so far
  • A completed copy of your 2018 and 2017 returns

Then open the calculator and answer all the questions. You may not be happy with the amount of taxes you have taken out, but you’ll happier come tax time, so you won’t owe for all your hard work in 2019.

When an Elderly Parent Might Qualify as Your Dependent

Westchester NY accountant Paul Herman of Herman & Company CPA’s is here for all your financial needs. Please contact us if you have questions, and to receive your free personal finance consultation!

It’s not uncommon for adult children to help support their aging parents. If you’re in this position, you might qualify for an adult-dependent exemption to deduct up to $4,050 for each person claimed on your 2017 return.

Basic qualifications

For you to qualify for the adult-dependent exemption, in most cases your parent must have less gross income for the tax year than the exemption amount. (Exceptions may apply if your parent is permanently and totally disabled.) Social Security is generally excluded, but payments from dividends, interest and retirement plans are included.

In addition, you must have contributed more than 50% of your parent’s financial support. If you shared caregiving duties with one or more siblings and your combined support exceeded 50%, the exemption can be claimed even though no one individually provided more than 50%. However, only one of you can claim the exemption in this situation.

Important factors

Although Social Security payments can usually be excluded from the adult dependent’s income, they can still affect your ability to qualify. Why? If your parent is using Social Security money to pay for medicine or other expenses, you may find that you aren’t meeting the 50% test.

Also, if your parent lives with you, the amount of support you claim under the 50% test can include the fair market rental value of part of your residence. If the parent lives elsewhere — in his or her own residence or in an assisted-living facility or nursing home — any amount of financial support you contribute to that housing expense counts toward the 50% test.

Easing the burden

An adult-dependent exemption is just one tax break that you may be able to employ on your 2017 tax return to ease the burden of caring for an elderly parent. Contact us for more information on qualifying for this break or others.

Any U.S. tax advice contained in the body of this website is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by the recipient for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code or applicable state or local tax law provisions.