Tax Tip

Collecting unemployment? Here’s How It Will Impact Your Taxes

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Are you collecting unemployment? As of June 2020, the unemployment rate in America was at an estimated 13.3%. That’s down from 16% and those numbers don’t even reflect the scale of how many have had their income cut or lost their job due to the COVID-19 virus.

We’ve just passed the July 15 extended tax filing deadline. With that behind us, it’s time to focus on the 2020 tax season. Being already July, that means that the tax season is half over already. Time flies when you’re fighting a pandemic.

One of the biggest issues in the 2020 tax season will be the massive number of people that were on unemployment for several months during 2020. The number of people on unemployment broke records this year.

For many, that means that they’ll have to pay taxes off their unemployment income. We’ll break down how, why, who, and what you’ll need to know about paying taxes on unemployment so you aren’t surprised come April 2021.

What options do I have to avoid a large federal tax bill next year?

You have a couple different options to avoid a large tax bill for the 2020 fiscal year. We’ll break them down for you.

Automatically Withheld  

This is the easiest option for many. When you sign up for unemployment benefits, you’ll likely have the option to get taxes withheld.

If not, you can fill out a Form W-4V, which will ensure you’re being properly taxed on your unemployment benefits.

Estimated Quarterly Payments  

Freelancers and sole proprietors always have the option to pay taxes quarterly so they aren’t hit with a massive tax bill come April. You can do the same thing with unemployment benefits.

The catch is, you need to estimate how much you owe on your own using a IRS Form 1040-ES. If you underpay these quarterly taxes, you may be penalized. While a massive tax bill in April may seem daunting, consider if you need the money you would pay on quarterly taxes would be better used for rent, food, etc. It’s not worth not being able to afford housing, utilities, etc just to ease your tax burden next year.

Who doesn’t have to pay state taxes on unemployment?

There are a handful of states where unemployment income is not considered income. Here are the states that directly wave unemployment for state taxes:

  • California

  • Montana

  • New Jersey

  • Pennsylvania

  • Virginia

Then, there are nine states without a broad income tax that don’t tax jobless benefits. They are:

  • Alaska

  • Florida

  • Nevada

  • New Hampshire

  • South Dakota

  • Tennessee

  • Texas

  • Washington

  • Wyoming

If you are in one of these states, it’s likely you won’t have to pay state taxes on your unemployment. Be sure to check with a tax professional to make sure.

3 Tax Benefits for New York Veterans

Current and former members of the military are eligible for certain tax exemptions.

“These exemptions and credits are one small way we can show our gratitude to the brave and dedicated individuals who currently serve or have served in our military,” said Acting Commissioner of Taxation and Finance Nonie Manion in a 2017 press release.

Photo by Benjamin Faust on Unsplash

Photo by Benjamin Faust on Unsplash

In today’s post, we’ll examine a handful of the exemptions available for New York veterans.

Property Tax 

As many as half a million New York veterans benefit from property tax exemptions, many of which are offered by local governments.

Depending on the circumstance, the property tax burden of a wartime veteran could be up to 15% or even as high as 25% if the veteran serves in a combat zone.  Cold War veterans (between 1945 and 1991) could see up to 15% in exemptions.

If the veteran was disabled in the line of duty, they could see up to 50% off in exemptions.

How do these property tax exemptions work?

In September 2017, Gov. Cuomo signed a bill that allowed the 679 school districts the option to allow exemptions for Cold War veterans for the entirety of the time the veteran owns the property. Prior, it was 10 years.

To find out which of these exemptions applies to you, you’ll need to contact your local assessor’s office. Visit NYS’s Municipal Profiles website to get the contact information you need.

Military Pay  

If your permanent home was in NYS before you entered the military, you don’t have to pay income tax on your active-duty pay. But it isn’t quite that simple.

You have to meet ALL three of the following conditions:

  • Didn’t have a permanent home in NY

  • Maintained a permanent abode outside of NY (this excludes military quarters like barracks, BOQ, etc.)

  • Spent less than 30 days in New York during the year

Basically, you need have not lived in New York almost at all for the entirety of the year to be eligible for this perk. You also had to be living somewhere off-base/ship to not owe income taxes.

Hire a Veteran Credit 

There are two types of hire a veteran credit. They are:

  • Corporations subject to franchise tax

  • Individuals, estates and trusts under personal income tax laws

This credit applies if you or your business:

  • Hires a qualified veteran before January 1, 2020

  • Employees the qualified veteran for 35 hours

If the veteran is disabled, the credit is 15% of the total wages paid during the first full year of employment. That amount can’t exceed $15,000 per veteran.

If the veteran isn’t disabled, the credit is10%  of the total wages paid during the first full year of employment. For nondisabled veterans, the credit is capped at $5,000.

These are just a handful of the tax benefits, credits, and exemptions that veterans can take advantage of. Reach out to one of our tax professionals and we’ll ensure you’re getting the most tax benefits from your service.

 

6 FAQs About 529 College Savings Plans

College is a large expense and one worth planning for, especially if you want your future college graduate to start their lives with minimal debt. One common way to prepare for such an expense is to open a 529 college savings plan.

Photo by Ruijia Wang on Unsplash

Photo by Ruijia Wang on Unsplash

What is a 529 plan?

College savings 529 plans are state-sponsored savings accounts that offer both tax and financial aid benefits.

What states run a 529 program?  

Almost every state has a 529 program, each with different perks and benefits. You can pick based on perks and you don’t need to live in the state you opened the account in.

You can look at 529 plan options using this tool from SavingforCollege.com.

What are the two types of college 529 plans?

There are two types of 529 plans, they are:

  • College savings plans – This plan is similar to a Roth 401k or Roth IRA by allowing you to contribute after-tax income in the form of mutual funds and other types of investments. There are a number of investment options to choose from and the 529 account will go up and down and value according to those investment choices. The money is this account is available for tuition, books, and often housing.

  • College prepaid tuition-  This plan can be used to pre-pay all or part of the costs of an in-state public college education. Sometimes, they can be converted for use at private or out-of-state colleges.

What are the perks of using a 529 savings plan?

Each state provides slightly different incentives for its 529 programs. But some of the overall benefits include:

  • Large income tax breaks (for federal and often state taxes)

  • The donor stays in control of the account until its use

  • They’re low maintenance

When can you start them?

You can start one of these savings plans at any time. Most 529 programs are “set it and forget it” meaning the investments come straight out of your paycheck or bank account.

Where can I learn more about college 529 plans?

There are a lot of online resources for comparing and ranking different 529 programs. You can reference one of these, or reach out to your friendly neighborhood tax professionals. We can help you select the best option for you.

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Any U.S. tax advice contained in the body of this website is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by the recipient for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code or applicable state or local tax law provisions.