investments

Taxes 101: FAQs

Scarsdale CPA Paul Herman has all the answers to your personal finance questions! Tax FAQs from Scarsdale accountantThe following are the most common FAQs our Westchester CPA firm receives on a regular basis regarding taxes. 
▼ Being self employed, what sort of deductions can I take?

To be deductible, a business expense must be both ordinary and necessary. An ordinary expense is one that is common and accepted in your trade or business. A necessary expense is one that is helpful and appropriate for your trade or business. An expense does not have to be indispensable to be considered necessary.

▼ If I have a large capital gain this year, what can I do?

If you have a large capital gain this year from an investment, it may be advisable to hold onto the investment until next year to put the gain into next year’s taxes. You may also want to sell off any investments that you have that are losing value at the moment to claim your losses.

▼ What investments can I make to help defer taxes?

The interest gained from state and local bonds is usually exempt from federal income taxes. These investments generally pay back at a lower interest rate than commercial bonds of similar quality.

Since Treasury Bonds are similarly exempt from state and local income tax, they can be a particularly good investment for those who are in high tax brackets and live in high-income-tax states.

▼ What retirement plans are available to aid in the deferral of taxes?

You have the ability to invest some of the money that you would have paid in taxes to add to your retirement fund. Many employers will offer the opportunity to defer a portion of your earnings and contribute them directly to your retirement account. Some of them may even match a portion of your savings. If this is the case, it is always advisable to save at least the amount that your employer will match. This will give you an automatic 100% gain on your money.

If you are self-employed, look into getting a Keogh, SIMPLE or a SEP IRA.

▼ What other ways can I defer this year’s income?

If you own your business you may want to postpone sending certain invoices to ensure that you will receive payment in the following tax year. This can help greatly if some of this income would push you into a higher tax bracket. You may want to accelerate paying for expenses to cover your taxes in the current year.

Scarsdale CPA Paul Herman is here to help you with all your personal finance needs. Please contact us for all inquiries and to receive your free personal finance consultation!

Herman and Company CPA’s proudly serves Katonah NY, Mamaroneck NY, Rye NY, Scarsdale NY, Tarrytown NY, White Plains NY, Bedford NY and beyond.

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Tax Impact of Investment Strategies

Scarsdale tax preparers at Herman & Company CPA’s have all the answers to your personal finance questions! 

Higher 2013 income and capital gains rates and the new 3.8% net investment income tax (3.8% NIIT) may cause high-income investors to reexamine their investment strategy. Investment and taxes that accompany them from Scarsdale accountant

The type of account, taxable or tax deferred (e.g., qualified retirement plan), could affect the investment strategy in a number of ways. Qualified retirement plans, because of their tax-deferred nature, tend to favor the following strategies:

  • More frequent turnover (securities transactions within the portfolio) can be tolerated. Recognition of gains is not an issue in a qualified plan account; therefore, a strategy that allows frequent buying and selling (turnover) of the underlying investments would not have a detrimental effect because of associated tax liabilities.
  • More active management might be appropriate for a qualified plan, whereas passive investments such as index funds, might be held in taxable accounts.
  • Large-cap investments, which are more likely to be dividend-paying companies, may be better suited for qualified plan accounts because the income is not currently taxed.
  • Portfolio rebalancing (e.g., shifting funds from small cap to large cap stocks) is better accomplished using assets in a qualified plan to minimize the recognition of taxable income.

Taxable accounts tend to favor the following strategies:

 

  • Buy-and-hold strategies are appropriate to limit gain recognition and to limit gains to assets that qualify for preferential long-term gain treatment.
  • Passive investments, particularly index funds that have minimal taxable distributions, are more appropriate for taxable accounts.
  • International funds, which frequently have associated foreign tax payments, are more appropriate for taxable accounts so the foreign tax credit can be claimed.
  • Small-cap growth stocks are more appropriate because of the minimal dividend income generally associated with these types of investments.

A topic of continuing discussion among investment professionals is where to hold fixed-income investments and where to hold equity investments. Generally, sufficient fixed-income investments need to be in taxable accounts to provide liquidity. Those investments could be, for example, either tax-free or taxable bonds, depending on the after-tax yield as determined by your marginal tax rate. The need for current income will also affect whether additional fixed-income investments are held outside of qualified plans. Beyond the liquidity amount and provision for current income, the remainder of the fixed-income portfolio can be held in a qualified plan.

Similarly, for stocks, that part of the portfolio that is intended to be long-term, low-turnover, passively managed investments can be held in the taxable accounts. More aggressive parts of the portfolio that call for active management and potentially high turnover can be held in qualified plans.

Scarsdale accountant Paul Herman is here for all your financial needs. Please contact us for all inquiries and to receive your free personal finance consultation!

Herman and Company CPA’s proudly serves Purchase NY, Larchmont NY, White Plains NY, Harrison NY, Pound Ridge NY, Scarsdale NY and beyond.

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Any U.S. tax advice contained in the body of this website is not intended or written to be used, and cannot be used, by the recipient for the purpose of avoiding penalties that may be imposed under the Internal Revenue Code or applicable state or local tax law provisions.